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ERIC Number: EJ874790
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0145-2134
The Prevalence of Childhood Adversity among Healthcare Workers and Its Relationship to Adult Life Events, Distress and Impairment
Maunder, Robert G.; Peladeau, Nathalie; Savage, Diane; Lancee, William J.
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v34 n2 p114-123 Feb 2010
Objective: We investigated the prevalence of childhood adversity among healthcare workers and if such experiences affect responses to adult life stress. Methods: A secondary analysis was conducted of a 2003 study of 176 hospital-based healthcare workers, which surveyed lifetime traumatic events, recent life events, psychological distress, coping, social support, and days off work due to stress or illness. Results: Sixty eight percent (95% CI 61.1-74.9) of healthcare workers had one or more experience of violence, abuse or neglect, 33% (95% CI 26.1-40.0) before the age of 13. Compared to healthcare workers who did not experience childhood adversity, those who did reported more recent life events (median 11 vs. 5 over the previous 6 months, p less than 0.001) and greater psychological distress (median score 17 vs. 13, p less than 0.001). The relationship between life events and psychological distress was not linear. Most healthcare workers without childhood adversity (73%) reported a low number of life events which were not associated with psychological distress. Most healthcare workers with childhood adversity (81%) reported a higher number of life events, for which the correlation between events and distress was moderately strong (Spearman's rho = 0.50, p less than 0.001). Childhood adversity was also associated with more missed work days. Each of these outcomes was higher in 22 healthcare workers (13%) who had experienced more than one type of childhood adversity. Conclusions: Childhood adversity is common among healthcare workers and is associated with a greater number of life events, more psychological distress and impairment. (Contains 3 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A