ERIC Number: EJ874634
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
Title IX: Boom or Bust?
Mather, Marilyn J.
Journal of Women in Educational Leadership, v1 n3 p271-289 Jul 2003
Athletics has been significantly impacted by Title IX through an increase the number of female athletes, the number of teams available, and indirectly, the development of women's professional leagues. However, women in leadership positions in athletics have declined significantly since Title IX was signed into law. A concern about the discontinuation of some men's non-revenue producing sports influenced the Department of Education to form the Commission on Opportunities in Athletics to review Title IX. The process and findings of the Commission are discussed, as well as the possible impact of the Commission's recommendations. On June 23, 2002, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 celebrated its 30th birthday. Title IX applies to all educational institutions that receive federal funding, and to various parts of those institutions. The law has had periods of weakness and strength over its 30-year history, but through the decade of the 90's has shown increasing power and consistency in the court system. Eight of the twelve U.S. Courts of Appeals have ruled in support of the present administrative regulations and Congressional hearings on Title IX have not brought any changes (Bonnette & von Euler, 2003). Although Title IX has positively assisted in an increase of women attending law and medical schools for example, it has most significantly impacted in athletics. It is in this area that this paper will focus.
Descriptors: Schools, Federal Legislation, Federal Aid, Equal Education, Sex Fairness, College Athletics, Females, Leadership, Politics of Education, Administrative Organization
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972