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ERIC Number: EJ874271
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-0790-8040
From Emigration to Immigration: New Dawn for an Intercultural 21st Century Ireland
Mutwarasibo, Fidele
Adult Learner: The Irish Journal of Adult and Community Education, p26-34 2005
Within the course of a decade Ireland has emerged from being a country of emigration to a country of immigration. Since the mid-1990s, Ireland has undergone rapid economic expansion with the recent economic growth resulting in approximately 252,000 migrants entering Ireland over the last 6 years, according to the Irish Times (2003). While a large number of these are returning Irish nationals, there has been a significant increase of non-Irish nationals from outside the European Economic Area (EEA) and Switzerland entering the country, primarily as temporary migrant workers. Additionally, the number of people applying for refugee status has increased from 39 in 1992 to just over 10,000 in the year 2001. Know Racism, the national anti-racism programme, suggested that in 2002, 116,588 non-EEA nationals registered with immigration officials nationally. It was estimated at the time that there were 160 different nationalities living in Ireland. Economists have been suggesting that up to 50,000 immigrants annually will be needed to keep up with the economic growth in the next 10 years or so. In the 2002 census there was a question about "nationality" rather than "ethnicity"; of those who filled the relevant box, 91.6% stated that they were Irish and a further 1.3% stated that they had Irish and another nationality. It should be stressed that there are variations in the legal status of non-EEA/Swiss nationals who have come to Ireland, including categories such as: (1) "migrant workers"; (2) "family members of migrant workers"; (3) "family members of EEA Swiss-nationals"; (4) "business people"; (5) "visitors"; (6) "refugees"; (7) "asylum seekers"; and (8) people who have been granted "leave to remain". Over time some of today's immigrants will become Irish citizens through naturalisation and others, legislation permitting, will acquire permanent residency. The current generation of immigrants will give way over time to the second, third, and so on generation of ethnic minorities. (Contains 3 footnotes.)
AONTAS The National Adult Learning Organisation. 2nd Floor, 83-87 Main Street, Ranelagh, Dublin 6, Ireland. Tel: +353-1-406-8220; Tel: +353-1-406-8221; Fax: +353-1-406-8227; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Adult Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ireland