ERIC Number: EJ874122
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Home Literacy Experiences and Early Childhood Disability: A Descriptive Study Using the National Household Education Surveys (NHES) Program Database
Breit-Smith, Allison; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Justice, Laura M.
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, v41 n1 p96-107 Jan 2010
Purpose: The present article illustrates how the National Household Education Surveys (NHES; U.S. Department of Education, 2009) database might be used to address questions of relevance to researchers who are concerned with literacy development among young children. Following a general description of the NHES database, a study is provided that examines the extent to which parent-reported home literacy activities and child emergent literacy skills differ for children with (a) developmental disabilities versus those who are developing typically, (b) single disability versus multiple disabilities, and (c) speech-language disability only versus other types of disabilities. Method: Four hundred and seventy-eight preschool-age children with disabilities and a typically developing matched sample (based on parent report) were identified in the 2005 administration of the Early Childhood Program Participation (ECPP) Survey in the NHES database. Parent responses to survey items were then compared between groups. Results: After controlling for age and socioeconomic status, no significant differences were found in the frequency of home literacy activities for children with and without disabilities. Parents reported higher levels of emergent literacy skills for typically developing children relative to children with disabilities. Conclusions: These findings suggest the importance of considering the home literacy experiences and emergent literacy skills of young children with disabilities when making clinical recommendations.
Descriptors: Multiple Disabilities, Developmental Disabilities, Young Children, Parents, Databases, Emergent Literacy, Control Groups, Child Development, Preschool Children, Age, Socioeconomic Status, Surveys, Communication Disorders, Language Impairments
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). 10801 Rockville Pike, Rockville, MD 20852. Tel: 800-638-8255; Fax: 301-571-0457; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://lshss.asha.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Preschool Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Household Education Survey