ERIC Number: EJ873683
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 9
Entropy Generation in a Chemical Reaction
Miranda, E. N.
European Journal of Physics, v31 n2 p267-272 Mar 2010
Entropy generation in a chemical reaction is analysed without using the general formalism of non-equilibrium thermodynamics at a level adequate for advanced undergraduates. In a first approach to the problem, the phenomenological kinetic equation of an elementary first-order reaction is used to show that entropy production is always positive. A second approach assumes that the reaction is near equilibrium to prove that the entropy generation is always greater than zero, without any reference to the kinetics of the reaction. Finally, it is shown that entropy generation is related to fluctuations in the number of particles at equilibrium, i.e. it is associated with a microscopic process.
Descriptors: Thermodynamics, Physics, Chemistry, Scientific Concepts, Undergraduate Study, Science Instruction, Scientific Principles, College Science, Equations (Mathematics)
Institute of Physics Publishing. The Public Ledger Building Suite 929, 150 South Independence Mall West, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 215-627-0880; Fax: 215-627-0879; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://www.iop.org/EJ/journal/EJP
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A