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ERIC Number: EJ873566
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 24
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 48
ISSN: ISSN-0010-4086
Cross-National Gender Gaps in Educational Expectations: The Influence of National-Level Gender Ideology and Educational Systems
McDaniel, Anne
Comparative Education Review, v54 n1 p27-50 Feb 2010
In recent decades, a dramatic shift has occurred in higher education throughout much of the industrialized world. For the first time in history, women are completing more education than men. Through the 1970s, women lagged behind men in the number of tertiary degrees completed in most nations. Since the 1980s, women have begun to reach parity with men and, in many cases, surpassed men in terms of their educational attainment. Women's increasing success in tertiary completion could influence future gender inequalities within education or in other domains, such as the labor market or politics. The educational expectations of adolescents are a useful way to gauge young men's and women's perceptions about their future educational achievement, and gender differences in educational expectations can shed light on women's shifting educational status. In this article, the author documents cross-national patterns in gender differences in adolescents' educational expectations across a range of developed countries and examines how national-level features of education systems and attitudes toward gender equality influence gender differences in educational expectations. Using data from the 2003 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA 2005), the author finds that girls have higher educational expectations than boys in a majority of the 29 countries studied. (Contains 3 tables, 3 figures, and 9 footnotes.)
University of Chicago Press. Journals Division, P.O. Box 37005, Chicago, IL 60637. Tel: 877-705-1878; Tel: 773-753-3347; Fax: 877-705-1879; Fax: 773-753-0811; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment