ERIC Number: EJ873007
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Emotion Recognition in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Relations to Eye Gaze and Autonomic State
Bal, Elgiz; Harden, Emily; Lamb, Damon; Van Hecke, Amy Vaughan; Denver, John W.; Porges, Stephen W.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n3 p358-370 Mar 2010
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA), heart rate, and accuracy and latency of emotion recognition were evaluated in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and typically developing children while viewing videos of faces slowly transitioning from a neutral expression to one of six basic emotions (e.g., anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, and surprise). Children with ASD were slower in emotion recognition and selectively made more errors in detecting anger. ASD children had lower amplitude RSA and faster heart rate. Within the ASD group, children with higher amplitude RSA recognized emotions faster. Less severe ASD symptoms and increased gaze to the eye region in children with ASD were related to more accurate emotion recognition.
Descriptors: Metabolism, Autism, Human Body, Psychological Patterns, Emotional Response, Eye Movements, Physiology, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Visual Stimuli, Nonverbal Communication, Children, Severity (of Disability), Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A