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ERIC Number: EJ872713
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0091-0627
Anxiety as a Predictor of Age at First Use of Substances and Progression to Substance Use Problems among Boys
Marmorstein, Naomi R.; White, Helene Raskin; Loeber, Rolf; Stouthamer-Loeber, Magda
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v38 n2 p211-224 Feb 2010
This study examined associations of generalized and social anxiety with (1) age at first use of tobacco, alcohol, and marijuana and (2) interval from first use to first problem use of each substance. Participants were 503 males who comprised the youngest cohort (first assessed in the first grade) of the Pittsburgh Youth Study, a longitudinal community-based study of boys. Annual assessments of generalized and social anxiety, delinquency, and substance use from first grade through high school were included. Both types of anxiety predicted earlier first use of alcohol and tobacco, and generalized anxiety predicted earlier first use of marijuana. Both types of anxiety predicted the progression from first use to problems related to marijuana. The effect of generalized anxiety tended to be significant above and beyond the effect of delinquency, while the effect of social anxiety on risk for first use of substances was not. Overall, the associations between anxiety and substance use and related problems depend on the class of substance and the type of anxiety.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pennsylvania