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ERIC Number: EJ872456
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 28
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Occupational Feminization and Pay: Assessing Causal Dynamics Using 1950-2000 U.S. Census Data
Levanon, Asaf; England, Paula; Allison, Paul
Social Forces, v88 n2 p865-892 Dec 2009
Occupations with a greater share of females pay less than those with a lower share, controlling for education and skill. This association is explained by two dominant views: devaluation and queuing. The former views the pay offered in an occupation to affect its female proportion, due to employers' preference for men--a gendered labor queue. The latter argues that the proportion of females in an occupation affects pay, owing to devaluation of work done by women. Only a few past studies used longitudinal data, which is needed to test the theories. We use fixed-effects models, thus controlling for stable characteristics of occupations, and U.S. Census data from 1950 through 2000. We find substantial evidence for the devaluation view, but only scant evidence for the queuing view. (Contains 11 notes, 7 tables, and 4 figures.)
University of North Carolina Press. 116 South Boundary Street, P.O. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288. Tel: 800-848-6224; Tel: 919-966-7449; Fax: 919-962-2704; e-mail: uncpress@unc.edu; Web site: http://uncpress.unc.edu/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A