ERIC Number: EJ872421
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Reference Count: 7
Rehabilitation of the Personality of Juvenile Offenders
Zaitsev, G. K.; Zaitsev, A. G.; Dmitriev, M. G.; Apal'kova, I. Iu.
Russian Education and Society, v51 n11 p50-60 Nov 2009
Russian youth has in recent years been increasingly involved in crime, narcotics addiction, and alcoholism, possibly due to a failure of socialization in childhood. Researchers are seeking the origins of this phenomenon and searching for ways to combat it through rehabilitation of juvenile offenders. The essential nature of social and pedagogical rehabilitation (or reeducation) involves having the growing individual go through the main stages of the upbringing process all over again, this time on a more in-depth motivational basis. From the standpoint of the ontogenetic development of the basic needs and the needs-information approach to upbringing, the authors present main stages of the continuous social and pedagogical rehabilitation personality of adolescents characterized by deviant behavior. The continuity of the rehabilitation is provided for by restoring and forming the motivational sphere of the inmates by satisfying their basic needs: in the first stage, their vital (somatic) needs; in the second stage, their ideal (mental) needs, and in the third stage their social needs. For the purpose of disseminating and proliferating the experience of the social and pedagogical rehabilitation of the personality of juvenile offenders, the authors suggest to set up a special social institution (or faculty), the purpose of which is to provide supplementary training (in the form of upgrading of qualifications and retraining) to teachers, psychologists, and social workers in the course "The Scientific and Practical Principles of Socialization and Rehabilitation of the Personality."
Descriptors: Socialization, Substance Abuse, Personality, Adolescents, Social Work, Youth, Delinquency, Crime, Rehabilitation, Social Development, Developmental Stages, Antisocial Behavior, Behavior Modification, Well Being, Mental Health, Physical Health, Foreign Countries, Counseling, Job Skills, Males
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Russia