ERIC Number: EJ872262
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 93
HIV Risk Behavior among College Students in the United States
Lewis, John E.; Miguez-Burban, Maria-Jose; Malow, Robert M.
College Student Journal, v43 n2 p475-491 Jun 2009
Objective: This article updates our 1997 review that examined the literature on HIV risk behavior among college students. Methods: The current review focuses on college student sex-risk behaviors related to HIV-related knowledge, communication with sex partners, self efficacy, and behavioral skills. Results: As reported in our original review, the majority of students continue to have multiple sex partners, use condoms inconsistently during intercourse, and have a tendency to combine alcohol and/or other drugs with their sexual experiences. They remain very knowledgeable about the virus and routes of basic transmission, but that does not impact condom use. Communication among partners about safer sex continues to be limited. Conclusions: Enhancing self efficacy should be an important focus for intervention strategies among students, given consistent evidence for its impact on lowering risk for HIV transmission. Additional evidence-based recommendations for strategies to prevent the spread of HIV within the college population are provided.
Descriptors: College Students, Intervention, Self Efficacy, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, At Risk Persons, Health Behavior, Sexuality, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Drinking, Drug Use, Health Promotion, Literature Reviews, Knowledge Level, Student Attitudes
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Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States