ERIC Number: EJ872205
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
Searching for Housing as a Battered Woman: Does Discrimination Affect Reported Availability of a Rental Unit?
Barata, Paula C.; Stewart, Donna E.
Psychology of Women Quarterly, v34 n1 p43-55 Mar 2010
Individual battered women have reported experiencing housing discrimination, but the extent of this problem has not been examined. This research used two experiments and a survey to determine if landlord discrimination could keep women from accessing rental units. In Study 1, a confederate asked 181 landlords about the availability of a rental unit in one of three living conditions (shelter, friends, no mention of current living conditions) and across two scenarios (does or does not have a child). Rental units were almost 10 times more likely to be available in the control condition compared to the shelter condition, X[superscript 2](1, N = 181) = 8.624, p = 0.003, and these results were not affected by whether or not the caller had a child, X[superscript 2](1, N = 181) = 0.214, p = 0.644. In Study 2, the confederate was employed and left a message on 92 landlords' answering machines in the same three living conditions. The hypothesized comparison between the shelter and the other two conditions combined was significant, X[superscript 2](1, N = 92) = 4.602, p = 0.032. Finally, in a telephone survey of 31 landlords, a substantial minority (23%) said they would not rent to a hypothetical battered woman. The results of our studies suggest that discrimination against battered women by landlords is a real problem that is likely contributing to the difficulties that women experience in finding safe and affordable long-term housing.
Descriptors: Poverty, Females, Telephone Surveys, Housing, Family Violence, Bias, Children, Safety, Costs, Comparative Analysis, Control Groups
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A