ERIC Number: EJ872136
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Multiple List Learning in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Parallels with Frontal Lobe Damage or Further Evidence of Diminished Relational Processing?
Bowler, Dermot M.; Gaigg, Sebastian B.; Gardiner, John M.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n2 p179-187 Feb 2010
To test the effects of providing relational cues at encoding and/or retrieval on multi-trial, multi-list free recall in adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD), 16 adults with ASD and 16 matched typical adults learned a first followed by a second categorised list of 24 words. Category labels were provided at encoding, retrieval, both or not at all. Both groups showed enhanced recall when labels were available during encoding or throughout the task. ASD individuals showed reduced recall of the second list and reduced clustering. Clustering and recall were correlated in both groups, which also showed similar levels of subjective organisation. The findings are discussed in relation to theories of frontal and medial temporal lobe contributions to memory in ASD.
Descriptors: Cues, Autism, Recall (Psychology), Adults, Comparative Analysis, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Neurological Impairments, Cognitive Processes, Classification, Memory
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A