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ERIC Number: EJ871681
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1363-755X
Age Differences in the Contribution of Recollection and Familiarity to False-Memory Formation: A New Paradigm to Examine Developmental Reversals
Lyons, Kristen E.; Ghetti, Simona; Cornoldi, Cesare
Developmental Science, v13 n2 p355-362 Mar 2010
Using a new method for studying the development of false-memory formation, we examined developmental differences in the rates at which 6-, 7-, 9-, 10-, and 18-year-olds made two types of memory errors: backward causal-inference errors (i.e. falsely remembering having viewed the non-viewed cause of a previously viewed effect), and gap-filling errors (i.e. falsely remembering having viewed a script-consistent event that was not actually witnessed). Previous research suggests that backward causal-inference errors are supported by recollection, whereas gap-filling errors are supported by familiarity. We hypothesized that age differences in these errors would parallel the developmental trajectories of these processes. As predicted, age-related increases in backward causal-inference errors were observed, while gap-filling errors were age-invariant, suggesting that recollection-based memory distortions increase with age while familiarity-based memory distortions are relatively stable from middle childhood through adulthood.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A