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ERIC Number: EJ871674
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-1362-1688
The Influence of Pretask Instructions and Pretask Planning on Focus on Form during Korean EFL Task-Based Interaction
Park, Sujung
Language Teaching Research, v14 n1 p9-26 2010
From an information processing perspective, humans have a limited attentional capacity for processing information. Thus, second language (L2) researchers have investigated the role of pretask planning in task performance, finding that planning results in greater fluency and complexity but has mixed effects on accuracy. However, most planning studies have not isolated pretask instructions from planning, thus making it unclear as to what caused the improvement in planned performance. In addition, measures of fluency, complexity, and accuracy provide insight into task performance but do not shed light on the L2 learning process. Therefore, the present study investigated whether pretask instructions and planning promote focus on form--lexical or grammatical language-related episodes (LREs)--during task-based interaction. One hundred and ten Korean EFL learners completed two oral picture narrative tasks in dyads over a two-week period during their regularly scheduled classes under one of four conditions: specific instructions with pretask planning, specific instructions without planning, general instructions with planning, and general instructions without planning. The findings revealed that regardless of pretask instructions and planning opportunity, the learners focused on vocabulary. In addition, while pretask instructions revealed some role for manipulating attention to form, planning did not have any effect. Possible explanations are provided. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure, and 7 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Korea