ERIC Number: EJ871506
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Nonsuicidal Self-Injury in College Students: The Role of Perfectionism and Rumination
Hoff, Erica R.; Muehlenkamp, Jennifer J.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v39 n6 p576-587 Dec 2009
A paucity of research exists examining personality and cognitive characteristics that may contribute to nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). The purpose of the current study was to clarify the contribution of perfectionism and rumination, along with depression and anxiety, to NSSI within a sample of 170 college students. Group comparisons revealed that participants with a history of NSSI endorsed significantly more rumination and depressive and anxious symptoms then non-NSSI controls. Results regarding perfectionism were mixed, with NSSI participants differing from controls on select aspects of perfectionism. Results suggest higher levels of depression and anxiety and a ruminative cognitive style may increase vulnerability for NSSI; however, further research is needed to clarify the contribution of perfectionism.
Descriptors: College Students, Cognitive Style, Personality Traits, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Mothers, Self Destructive Behavior, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A