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ERIC Number: EJ871463
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0033-295X
SD-Squared Revisited: Reply to Coltheart, Tree, and Saunders (2010)
Woollams, Anna M.; Lambon Ralph, Matthew A.; Plaut, David C.; Patterson, Karalyn
Psychological Review, v117 n1 p273-281 Jan 2010
The connectionist triangle model of reading aloud proposes that semantic activation of phonology is particularly important for correct pronunciation of low-frequency exception words. Our consideration of this issue (Woollams, Lambon Ralph, Plaut, & Patterson, 2007) (see record 2007-05396-004) reported computational simulations demonstrating that reduction and disruption of this semantic activation resulted in the marked deficit in low-frequency exception word reading that is characteristic of surface dyslexia. We then presented 100 observations of reading aloud from 51 patients with "semantic dementia" (SD) demonstrating a universal decline into "surface dyslexia", a phenomenon we termed "SD-squared." Coltheart, Tree, and Saunders (see record 2009-25263-008) have more recently provided a simulation of the SD-squared data within the dual route cascaded (DRC) model, achieved by varying the amount of damage to components of the lexical and nonlexical pathways. Although they suggested that these simulations provide a closer fit to the SD patients' reading data than our own, we demonstrate here that this is not the case. Moreover, we argue that the connectionist triangle model account has substantially greater explanatory and predictive power than the DRC account. (Contains 2 tables and 2 figures.)
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: order@apa.org; Web site: http://www.apa.org/publications
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A