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ERIC Number: EJ871355
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jul
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1541-6224
Race, Gender, and School Leadership in a State with Shifting Student Demographics
Hollingworth, Liz; Dude, David
Journal of Women in Educational Leadership, v7 n3 p175-194 Jul 2009
This is an analysis of equity in Iowa educational leadership from the 1978-1979 school year through 2007-2008, and the extent to which rapidly changing student racial demographics are reflected in the schools. We found that male principals continue to outnumber women 6:1 in rural districts, but in urban schools the rate is closer to 1:1. Female superintendents are now paid statistically the same as men, but women in every other educational position make on average less money than men. The data also reveal that the race of Iowa educators has not shifted to reflect the increasingly racially diverse student body. (Contains 2 tables and 12 figures.)
ProActive Publications. 439 North Duke Street, Lancaster, PA 17602. Tel: 717-290-1660; Fax: 717-509-6100; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Iowa