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ERIC Number: EJ871124
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
ISSN: ISSN-1932-5037
Effects of Physical Activity on Diabetes Management and Lowering Risk for Type 2 Diabetes
Tompkins, Connie L.; Soros, Arlette; Sothern, Melinda S.; Vargas, Alfonso
American Journal of Health Education, v40 n5 p286-290 Sep-Oct 2009
Physical activity is a proven form of diabetes management and is considered a cornerstone in the prevention of diabetes. In children with diabetes, physical activity may improve insulin sensitivity and glucose uptake in skeletal muscle. Aerobic-based physical activity lasting 40-60 minutes daily for a minimum of four months is shown to enhance insulin sensitivity, and may reduce the risk for type 2 diabetes. An important adjunct to aerobic-based physical activity for diabetes prevention is resistance training. The American Academy of Pediatrics supports properly supervised strength/resistance training as a safe method for strength development in preadolescent children. Resistance training may increase skeletal muscle mass, therefore increasing whole-body glucose disposal capacity. In addition to immediate health benefits during childhood, increased physical activity in children and adolescents is likely to contribute to the establishment of healthy leisure habits over a lifetime and improved adult cardiovascular health. Large-scale intervention studies, however, are needed to determine the most effective physical activity strategies for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. (Contains 3 tables.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A