ERIC Number: EJ870981
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 48
Why Is There a Gender Gap in Children Presenting for Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Services?
Ohan, Jeneva L.; Visser, Troy A. W.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, v38 n5 p650-660 2009
This study addressed why girls are less likely to be referred for mental health services for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than boys. Ninety-six parents of children with elevated ADHD symptoms and 140 elementary school teachers read vignettes about children with ADHD. Half of the participants read vignettes with boys' names, and half read the same vignettes but with girls' names. Participants then rated their likeliness to seek or recommend services for the child in each vignette. Parents and teachers were less likely to seek or recommend services for girls than boys with ADHD, but results did not support the hypothesis that this is because girls are less disruptive than boys. Rather, differences in service seeking were explained by the fact that parents and teachers believed that learning assistance is less effective for girls than boys with ADHD. (Contains 1 table and 3 figures.)
Descriptors: Health Services, Females, Mental Health Programs, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Elementary School Teachers, Gender Differences, Males, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Vignettes, Children, Gender Bias, Teacher Attitudes, Parent Attitudes, Hypothesis Testing, Foreign Countries, Behavior Problems, Outcomes of Treatment
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia