ERIC Number: EJ870959
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 57
Cognitive Measures of Adolescent Depression: Unique or Unitary Constructs?
Ginsburg, Golda S.; Silva, Susan G.; Jacobs, Rachel H.; Tonev, Simon; Hoyle, Rick H.; Kingery, Julie Newman; Reinecke, Mark A.; Curry, John F.; March, John S.
Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, v38 n6 p790-802 2009
The factor structure of several self-report questionnaires assessing depression-relevant cognitions frequently employed in clinical research was examined in a sample of 390 adolescents (M age = 14.54; 216 girls; 74% Caucasian) with current major depressive disorder enrolled in the Treatment of Adolescents with Depression Study. A four-factor solution resulted, accounting for 65% of the total variance. The factors were labeled (a) Cognitive Distortions and Maladaptive Beliefs, (b) Cognitive Avoidance, (c) Positive Outlook, and (d) Solution-Focused Thinking. Internal consistencies for the factor-based composite scores were 0.83, 0.85, 0.84, and 0.82, respectively. Girls endorsed more negative cognitions than boys on three of the four factors. Maladaptive cognitions were positively related to severity of depression and predicted treatment response. Taken together, findings indicated that there are four distinct domains of cognitions that are present among adolescents with depression that are tapped by several widely used self-report measures of cognitions. (Contains 5 tables.)
Descriptors: Factor Structure, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology), Questionnaires, Cognitive Processes, Beliefs, Psychological Patterns, Gender Differences, Psychometrics, Evaluation Methods, Thinking Skills, Scores, Outcomes of Treatment, Problem Solving, Predictor Variables, Negative Attitudes, Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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