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ERIC Number: EJ870567
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 58
ISSN: ISSN-1082-4669
A Longitudinal Examination of the Academic Year and Summer Learning Rates of Full- and Half-Day Kindergartners
Zvoch, Keith
Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, v14 n4 p311-333 2009
Literacy data collected over the course of 2 academic years were used to estimate the rate at which full- and half-day kindergartners acquired literacy skills during kindergarten, 1st grade, and the intervening summer. Application of piecewise growth models to the time series data obtained on a sample of students from a large Southwestern school district revealed that economically disadvantaged full-day kindergartners gained literacy skills at a relatively faster rate than their more economically advantaged half-day peers during the kindergarten year. The accelerated gain experienced by full-day kindergartners was sufficient to enable a reversal of the initial performance deficit observed upon entry to kindergarten. However, over the summer between kindergarten and 1st grade, a different pattern of development was observed. Full-day alumni experienced a literacy fallback, whereas their half-day peers maintained the literacy gains acquired during kindergarten, leading to a second performance reversal by the beginning of the 1st grade. The gap in performance (half-day advantage) then remained constant as the literacy growth of full- and half-day alumni was equivalent over the 1st-grade school year. Implications for evaluating the efficacy of school-based initiatives like full-day kindergarten and more generally the effectiveness of schools and schooling are discussed. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure and 8 footnotes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A