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ERIC Number: EJ870535
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-0962-0214
The Minor Roads to Excellence: Positive Action, Outreach Policies and the New Positioning of Elite High Schools in France and England
Allouch, Annabelle; Buisson-Fenet, Helene
International Studies in Sociology of Education, v19 n3-4 p229-244 Sep-Dec 2009
Increased academic attention has been drawn to democratisation in higher education, following the implementation of affirmative action in America. However, the models of Access policies presented by certain European educational systems deserve more attention. France and Britain share a common position on elitism, although they define it according to very different principles: on the one hand, France emphases the old model of meritocracy through academic performance, whereas in Britain, some institutions still tend to favour a more hereditary transmission of ethos. A comprehensive comparison of "positive discrimination" and Outreach policies allows us to try and rebuild the political conditions (and debates) around the implementation of these policies, which now target individuals rather than the usual macrosocial or territorial categories. Regulation patterns--although not yet finalised--reveal to some extent a general willingness for "potential and ability assessment", which would make recruitment systems for higher education in both France and Britain less socially exclusive. (Contains 20 notes.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: France; United Kingdom