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ERIC Number: EJ870264
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Sep
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Gender Stereotyping and the Influence of Race in Sport among Adolescents
Hannon, James; Soohoo, Sonya; Reel, Justine; Ratliffe, Thomas
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v80 n3 p676-684 Sep 2009
One of the most dreaded insults in sports is, "You throw like a girl," because it epitomizes society's gender logic about physiological differences between men and women. Although physiological differences between the sexes exist, people label these abilities and behaviors as masculine or feminine as a result of social and cultural expectations. Thus, gender equates to the socially learned expectations and behaviors associated with being male or female. The sports environment provides a unique microcosm for the examination of both gender and race socialization. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine both the influence of gender and race among high school youth in classifying sport activities as masculine, feminine, or gender neutral. The authors examined the social meaning of gender and race among high school students who were exposed to and restricted from participating in sports activities. Data were analyzed using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Significant differences were found between White boys and girls regarding the sports of aerobics, gymnastics, hockey, and wrestling. More White boys than girls believed that aerobics and gymnastics are appropriate for girls, and wrestling and hockey are appropriate for boys, supporting previous research and the contention that boys categorize certain sports as masculine or feminine based on gender appropriateness. Male Blacks significantly perceived boxing and football as more appropriate sports for boys and gymnastics as more appropriate for girls, Black girls perceived football, boxing, and gymnastics as sports for both boys and girls; however, their counterparts supported traditional gender stereotyping. The findings from this study have implications for the development of intervention programs targeted toward adolescent girls. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A