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ERIC Number: EJ870228
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 21
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Guiding Visual Attention in Decision Making--Verbal Instructions versus Flicker Cueing
Canal-Bruland, Rouwen
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v80 n2 p369-374 Jun 2009
Perceptual-cognitive processes play an important role in open, fast-paced, interceptive sports such as tennis, basketball, and soccer. Visual information processing has been shown to distinguish skilled from less skilled athletes. Research on the perceptual demands of sports performance has raised questions regarding athletes' visual information pick-up, including where and when they pick up relevant information. Advance cues and information rich areas have been identified as especially relevant. In studies examining the effectiveness of programs designed to train athletes in sport-specific perceptual strategies of information pick-up, researchers reported positive effects of sport-specific perceptual and decision-making training programs. However, the results did not indicate whether verbal or visual instructions guided attention more efficiently to the information rich areas. Investigators studying the effects of different instructional methods on perceptual and motor learning examined effective methods of guiding athletes' visual attention to the highly relevant parameters of play (e.g., to predict the ball fight direction in tennis). Due to the high amount of visual information in sports, athletes must learn the specific visual cues they need to successfully anticipate and perform tasks. In this context, studies have shown that directing attention efficiently is a critical skill for peak performance in sports, although they do not identify which instruction method is most effective in improving perceptual and decision-making capabilities. This study aims to examine whether verbal and visual guiding of attention have different effects on decision-making performance in 3-on-2 soccer situations. This research was based on the suggestion that visual guiding of attention by flicker cues might lead to better decision-making performance in sport games than the more commonly used verbal instruction method. (Contains 1 figure and 1 note.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany