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ERIC Number: EJ870222
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 40
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
A Cross-Cultural Validation of Perceived Locus of Causality Scale in Physical Education Context
Wang, C. K. John; Hagger, Martin; Liu, Woon Chia
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v80 n2 p313-325 Jun 2009
We examined the validity of the factor structure and invariance of the Perceived Locus of Causality (PLOC) scale instrument scores across two nations endorsing collectivist (Singapore) and individualist (Great Britain) cultural values. Results indicated that confirmatory factor analytic models of the PLOC exhibited adequate ft according to multiple criteria within each sample and across samples. There was invariance in the item-intercepts across the two cultures. In addition, the simplex-like pattern of relations among the PLOC constructs was confirmed within cultures and in invariance analyses. Finally, latent factor means analysis revealed that the British participants tended to rate less self-determined forms of motivation lower than and more self-determined forms of motivation higher than the Singaporean participants. (Contains 6 tables and 1 figure.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Singapore; United Kingdom (Great Britain)