ERIC Number: EJ870212
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Increased White Matter Gyral Depth in Dyslexia: Implications for Corticocortical Connectivity
Casanova, Manuel F.; El-Baz, Ayman S.; Giedd, Jay; Rumsey, Judith M.; Switala, Andrew E.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n1 p21-29 Jan 2010
Recent studies provide credence to the minicolumnar origin of several developmental conditions, including dyslexia. Characteristics of minicolumnopathies include abnormalities in how the cortex expands and folds. This study examines the depth of the gyral white matter measured in an MRI series of 15 dyslexic adult men and eleven age-matched comparison subjects. Measurements were based upon the 3D Euclidean distance map inside the segmented cerebral white matter surface. Mean gyral white matter depth was 3.05 mm (SD [plus or minus] 0.30 mm) in dyslexic subjects and 1.63 mm (SD [plus or minus] 0.15 mm) in the controls. The results add credence to the growing literature suggesting that the attained reading circuit in dyslexia is abnormal because it is inefficient. Otherwise the anatomical substratum (i.e., corticocortical connectivity) underlying this inefficient circuit is normal. A deficit in very short-range connectivity (e.g., angular gyrus, striate cortex), consistent with results of a larger gyral window, could help explain reading difficulties in patients with dyslexia. The structural findings hereby reported are diametrically opposed to those reported for autism.
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Adults, Males, Neurological Organization, Brain, Measurement, Control Groups, Autism
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A