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ERIC Number: EJ870155
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Ability Beliefs, Task Value, and Performance as a Function of Race in a Dart-Throwing Task
Gao, Zan; Kosma, Maria; Harrison, Louis, Jr.
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v80 n1 p122-130 Mar 2009
This study examines differences in self-efficacy, expectancy-related beliefs, task value, and performance in a dart-throwing task as a function of race among diverse college students using the expectancy-value model and self-efficacy theory. It also examines the predictive contributions of these beliefs on task performance within each racial group. Based on the literature reviewed, it was first hypothesized that there would be no racial differences in self-efficacy, expectancy-related beliefs, task value, and task performance for the dart-throwing task. Second, self-efficacy and expectancy-related beliefs were expected to be stronger predictors of performance than task value. The first hypothesis was supported. Specifically, African and White American students did not differ in self-efficacy, task value, and task performance for the dart-throwing task (nonracially biased task). Although the African American students scored higher than the White students in expectancy-related beliefs, the difference was minimal. The race-based differences in expectancy-related beliefs (i.e., domain-specific perceived ability) may be attributed to the generalized racial stereotypes about the physical superiority of African Americans over White Americans. Additionally, the low self-efficacy scores matched the low performance scores for both racial groups, indicating that situation-specific beliefs (self-efficacy) correspond better with achievement behavior than domain-specific beliefs (expectancy-related beliefs). (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A