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ERIC Number: EJ870144
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 54
ISSN: ISSN-0270-1367
Health Worry, Physical Activity Participation, and Walking Difficulty among Older Adults: A Mediation Analysis
Li, Kin-Kit; Cardinal, Bradley J.; Vuchinich, Samuel
Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, v80 n1 p12-21 Mar 2009
This study examined the effect of health worry (i.e., cognitive aspect of anxiety resulting from concern for health) on walking difficulty in a nationally representative sample (N = 7,527) of older adults (M age = 76.83 years). The study further tested whether physical activity mediates the effect of health worry on walking difficulty in a 6-year follow-up design. Results of a mediation analysis using structural equation modeling showed that people with a high degree of health worry engaged in less physical activity ([beta] = -0.24, p less than 0.001), and people who participated in less physical activity were more likely to report walking difficulty at the 6-year follow-up ([beta] = -0.22, p less than 0.001). There was a significant indirect effect from health worry to walking difficulty through physical activity ([beta] = 0.05, p less than 0.001), controlling for demographic, psychosocial, and health related factors. Results suggested that inducing threat and worry may not be effective for physical activity promotion in the older population. More promising coping and regulation strategies are discussed. (Contains 3 tables, 1 figure and 2 notes.)
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance. 1900 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191. Tel: 800-213-7193; Fax: 703-476-9527; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Health Interview Survey