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ERIC Number: EJ870106
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Jan
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3257
Impaired Competence for Pretense in Children with Autism: Exploring Potential Cognitive Predictors
Bigham, Sally
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v40 n1 p30-38 Jan 2010
Lack of pretense in children with autism has been explained by a number of theoretical explanations, including impaired mentalising, impaired response inhibition, and weak central coherence. This study aimed to empirically test each of these theories. Children with autism (n = 60) were significantly impaired relative to controls (n = 65) when interpreting pretense, thereby supporting a competence deficit hypothesis. They also showed impaired mentalising and response inhibition, but superior local processing indicating weak central coherence. Regression analyses revealed that mentalising significantly and independently predicted pretense. The results are interpreted as supporting the impaired mentalising theory and evidence against competing theories invoking impaired response inhibition or a local processing bias. The results of this study have important implications for treatment and intervention.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A