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ERIC Number: EJ870085
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Dec
Pages: 26
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0039-8322
Graphic Display of Linguistic Information in English as a Foreign Language Reading
Suzuki, Akio; Sato, Takeshi; Awazu, Shunji
TESOL Quarterly: A Journal for Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages and of Standard English as a Second Dialect, v42 n4 p591-616 Dec 2008
Two studies investigated the advantage and instructional effectiveness of the spatial graphic representation of an English sentence with coordinators over a linear sentential representation in English as a foreign language (EFL) reading settings. Experiment 1, Study 1, examined whether readers studying EFL could better comprehend the sentence--in which multiple information items are connected by coordinating conjunctions--when provided with a spatial representation than when provided with a sentential representation. Experiment 2 of Study 1 examined whether the advantage observed in Experiment 1 was due to Larkin and Simon's (1987) "computational efficacy" by testing whether two different task-completion times would affect the performance of two different display groups. Study 2 examined the effectiveness of the instruction manual, which we compiled, in enabling students to rearrange a linear text with coordinating conjunctions into a spatial display for self-study. The results indicated that the spatial graphic display enhanced EFL readers' comprehension of sentences with coordinators more than the sentential display did, and EFL readers were able to accurately rearrange a linear sentential text into a spatial display by using the instruction manual. (Contains 3 tables, 4 figures and 1 footnote.)
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc. 700 South Washington Street Suite 200, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 888-547-3369; Tel: 703-836-0774; Fax: 703-836-7864; Fax: 703-836-6447; e-mail: info@tesol.org; Web site: http://www.tesol.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A