ERIC Number: EJ870052
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 29
Implicit Theories of Peer Relationships
Rudolph, Karen D.
Social Development, v19 n1 p113-129 Feb 2010
This research investigated the role of children's implicit theories of peer relationships in their psychological, emotional, and behavioral adjustment. Participants included 206 children (110 girls; 96 boys; M age = 10.13 years, SD = 1.16) who reported on their implicit theories of peer relationships, social goal orientation, need for approval, depressive and aggressive symptoms, and exposure to peer victimization. Parents also provided reports on aggressive symptoms. Results confirmed that holding an entity theory of peer relationships was associated with a greater tendency to endorse performance-oriented social goals and to evaluate oneself negatively in the face of peer disapproval. Moreover, entity theorists were more likely than incremental theorists to demonstrate depressive and aggressive symptoms when victimized. These findings contribute to social-cognitive theories of motivation and personality, and have practical implications for children exposed to peer victimization and associated difficulties.
Descriptors: Goal Orientation, Victims of Crime, Peer Relationship, Theories, Psychological Patterns, Student Behavior, Emotional Development, Student Adjustment, Peer Acceptance, Depression (Psychology), Aggression, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Student Attitudes, Social Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A