ERIC Number: EJ870021
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 47
Separate Spheres or Increasing Equality? Changing Gender Beliefs in Postwar Japan
Lee, Kristen Schultz; Tufis, Paula A.; Alwin, Duane F.
Journal of Marriage and Family, v72 n1 p184-201 Feb 2010
This research investigates change in gender beliefs in Japan during a period of economic hard times in the late 1990s. Using data from the International Social Survey Programme on the Japanese population from 1994 (n = 1,054) and 2002 (n = 872), we examined how cohort replacement and intracohort change contributed to changes in gender beliefs. We found important differences from the patterns of change reported for many Western countries, namely, a decoupling between societal trends in the female labor force participation rate and beliefs about gender. Such differences may be attributable to factors such as the high societal valuation of the housewife role compared to that in other postindustrial countries and sanctions against full-time employment for women in Japan.
Descriptors: Labor Force Nonparticipants, Sanctions, Employment Patterns, Foreign Countries, Labor Force, Attitude Change, Surveys, Gender Differences, Beliefs, Sex Role, Females, Sex Fairness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Japan