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ERIC Number: EJ869985
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 8
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
Treatment of Idiopathic Toe-Walking in Children with Autism Using GaitSpot Auditory Speakers and Simplified Habit Reversal
Marcus, Ann; Sinnott, Brigit; Bradley, Stephen; Grey, Ian
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v4 n2 p260-267 Apr-Jun 2010
This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a simplified habit reversal procedure (SHR) using differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviour (DRI) and a stimulus prompt (GaitSpot Auditory Squeakers) to reduce the frequency of idiopathic toe-walking (ITW) and increase the frequency of correct heel-to-toe-walking in three children with autism. The study involved a delayed multiple baseline changing criterion design across individuals. Firstly, a baseline phase was conducted to determine the number of intervals where ITW occurred. Secondly, the GaitSpot Auditory Squeakers were paired with reinforcers. Thirdly, children wore GaitSpot squeakers over the heels of their feet under their shoes for a small number of 10 min sessions and when weight was placed on their heel, a squeak was emitted which was subsequently reinforced. Fourthly, the length of time the children wore the GaitSpot Auditory Squeakers was extended. Finally, the GaitSpot Auditory Squeakers were faded out and tests for generalisation and maintenance of heel-to-toe walking were conducted. The intervention produced substantial reductions in ITW across all participants though degree of reduction differed. The role of SHR and additional modifications for the treatment of ITW are discussed. (Contains 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A