NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Direct linkDirect link
ERIC Number: EJ869826
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1598-1037
Estimating Reliability of School-Level Scores Using Multilevel and Generalizability Theory Models
Jeon, Min-Jeong; Lee, Guemin; Hwang, Jeong-Won; Kang, Sang-Jin
Asia Pacific Education Review, v10 n2 p149-158 Jun 2009
The purpose of this study was to investigate the methods of estimating the reliability of school-level scores using generalizability theory and multilevel models. Two approaches, "student within schools" and "students within schools and subject areas," were conceptualized and implemented in this study. Four methods resulting from the combination of these two approaches with generalizability theory and multilevel models were compared for both balanced and unbalanced data. The generalizability theory and multilevel models for the "students within schools" approach produced the same variance components and reliability estimates for the balanced data, while failing to do so for the unbalanced data. The different results from the two models can be explained by the fact that they administer different procedures in estimating the variance components used, in turn, to estimate reliability. Among the estimation methods investigated in this study, the generalizability theory model with the "students nested within schools crossed with subject areas" design produced the lowest reliability estimates. Fully nested designs such as (students:schools) or (subject areas:students:schools) would not have any significant impact on reliability estimates of school-level scores. Both methods provide very similar reliability estimates of school-level scores.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A