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ERIC Number: EJ869749
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Development of Cultural Strategies of Attention in North American and Japanese Children
Duffy, Sean; Toriyama, Rie; Itakura, Shoji; Kitayama, Shinobu
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v102 n3 p351-359 Mar 2009
Recent studies suggest that North American adults exhibit a focused strategy of attention that emphasizes focal information about objects, whereas Japanese adults exhibit a divided strategy of attention that emphasizes contextual information about objects. The current study investigated whether 4- and 5-, 6- to 8-, and 9- to 13-year-old North American and Japanese children exhibit these divergent attention strategies. Two experiments suggest that those older than 6 years of age exhibit measurable cultural differences in attention, whereas 4- to 6-year-olds do not. We suggest that sociocognitive development and socialization experiences that occur around 5 to 7 years of age may foster the development of cultural strategies of attention. (Contains 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A