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ERIC Number: EJ869747
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 19
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Learning to Label Letters by Sounds or Names: A Comparison of England and the United States
Ellefson, Michelle R.; Treiman, Rebecca; Kessler, Brett
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v102 n3 p323-341 Mar 2009
Learning about letters is an important foundation for literacy development. Should children be taught to label letters by conventional names, such as /bi/ for "b", or by sounds, such as /b[inverted e]/? We queried parents and teachers, finding that those in the United States stress letter names with young children, whereas those in England begin with sounds. Looking at 5- to 7-year-olds in the two countries, we found that U.S. children were better at providing the names of letters than were English children. English children outperformed U.S. children on letter-sound tasks, and differences between children in the two countries declined with age. We further found that children use the first-learned set of labels to inform the learning of the second set. As a result, English and U.S. children made different types of errors in letter-name and letter-sound tasks. The children's invented spellings also differed in ways reflecting the labels they used for letters. (Contains 9 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United States