ERIC Number: EJ869690
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Biological Perspectives on the Effects of Early Psychosocial Experience
Marshall, Peter J.; Kenney, Justin W.
Developmental Review, v29 n2 p96-119 Jun 2009
There is much current interest in how adverse experiences early in life might affect certain elements of physiological, behavioral, and psychological functioning across the lifespan. Recent conceptual frameworks for studying the effects of early experience have involved constructs such as experience-expectant, experience-dependent, and experience-adaptive plasticity. The latter construct is related to comparative models of developmental programming which posit the persistence of biological adjustments to the early caregiving environment. We briefly review such models and their translational implications. We then turn to human development and focus on the effects of large changes in children's life courses as tests of hypotheses related to early experience effects. In particular, the effect of early institutionalization on children's brain and behavioral development after changes to adoptive families or foster care is used as an example of a research area in which programming hypotheses have been proposed.
Descriptors: Children, Adoption, Early Experience, Foster Care, Psychological Patterns, Models, Child Development, Brain, Child Behavior, Physiology, Biology, Institutionalized Persons, Stress Variables, Cognitive Development, Child Rearing, Social Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A