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ERIC Number: EJ869609
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Abstract Syntax in Sentence Production: Evidence from Stem-Exchange Errors
Lane, Liane Wardlow; Ferreira, Victor S.
Journal of Memory and Language, v62 n2 p151-165 Feb 2010
Three experiments tested theories of syntactic representation by assessing "stem-exchange" errors ("hates the record"[right arrow]"records the hate"). Previous research has shown that in stem exchanges, speakers pronounce intended nouns ("REcord") as verbs ("reCORD"), yielding syntactically well-formed utterances. By "lexically based" theories, resulting utterances are well-formed because speakers originally selected verbal forms ("reCORD"). By "frame-based" theories, resulting utterances are well-formed because independent syntactic frames compel conversion of intended nouns into verbs. Lexically based theories predict stem-exchange errors should occur independently of syntactic context. Experiment 1 showed that speakers pronounced nouns as verbs only in utterances that required verbs; when utterances allowed nouns or verbs ("record and hate"), speakers pronounced nouns as nouns. Experiment 2 showed this was not an artifact of requiring specific utterance types. Experiment 3 ruled out a phonological influence over syntactic production. Consistent with frame-based theories, this evidence suggests that syntactic frames are abstract and independent. (Contains 2 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A