ERIC Number: EJ869493
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 26
Which Fragments of a Sign Enable Its Recognition?
ten Holt, G. A.; Van Doorn, A. J.; de Ridder, H.; Reinders, M. J. T.; Hendriks, E. A.
Sign Language Studies, v9 n2 p211-239 Win 2009
In sign language studies, it is generally assumed that a sign can be divided into several phases in time (preparation, stroke, and retraction) and that the stroke contains all of the necessary information. However, this has not been tested empirically. In order to learn where the information truly resides, we present an experiment that investigates the distribution of information in a sign. Signers were shown isolated fragments of Dutch Sign Language signs (citation form) and were then asked to identify the sign. The results show that the stroke alone performs as well as the entire sign. However, the preparation, together with the transition from preparation to stroke, produces equally good recognition, thereby suggesting that most of a sign's information is available early. Surprisingly, in many cases preparation alone and retraction alone also produce quite good recognition (66 percent and 60 percent, respectively). The recognition pattern across signs gives an indication of signers' recognition strategy. (Contains 8 figures and 2 tables.)
Descriptors: Sign Language, Deafness, Language Research, Foreign Countries, Participant Characteristics, Task Analysis, Recognition (Psychology), Vocabulary, Video Technology, Hearing (Physiology)
Gallaudet University Press. 800 Florida Avenue NE, Denison House, Washington, DC 20002-3695. Tel: 202-651-5488; Fax: 202-651-5489; Web site: http://gupress.gallaudet.edu/SLS.html
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Netherlands