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ERIC Number: EJ869485
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 56
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0036-0112
University-Industry Relationships in Colleges of Agriculture and Life Sciences: The Role of Women Faculty
Crowe, Jessica A.; Goldberger, Jessica R.
Rural Sociology, v74 n4 p498-524 Dec 2009
An increasing amount of research has been dedicated to studying university-industry relationships (UIRs). Researchers have studied the impacts of UIRs on the integrity of university research. However, while studies have examined the attitudes and actions of university administration and industry leaders with respect to UIRs, limited attention has been devoted to the attitudes and actions of women faculty. Drawing on feminist epistemology and academic capitalism research, we develop and test four hypotheses about gender and UIRs. We use Hierarchical Linear Modeling (HLM) and data from a nationwide survey of land-grant agricultural and life scientists to examine perceptions of UIRs and individual-level ties to private industry among male and female faculty in different academic disciplines. Although we find no significant gender differences in perceptions of UIRs, our results indicate women have fewer ties to industry compared to men when controlling for individual- and discipline-level characteristics. In particular, industry funding of scientific research and consulting for private firms appear to disproportionately favor men over women. We also find that discipline-level industry ties influence scientists' attitudes and industry linkages, suggesting the existence of different disciplinary cultures with respect to UIRs. We recommend researchers, policymakers, and others interested in understanding the growth of academic capitalism, as well as the gender gap in science, pursue more in-depth investigation of the interaction between gender, academic discipline, and UIRs. (Contains 5 footnotes, 7 tables, and 2 figures.)
Rural Sociological Society. 104 Gentry Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211-7040. Tel: 573-882-9065; Fax: 573-882-1473; e-mail: ruralsoc@missouri.edu; Web site: http://www.ruralsociology.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Hatch Act; Morrill Act 1862; Smith Lever Act