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ERIC Number: EJ869476
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Jun
Pages: 29
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISSN: ISSN-0036-0112
Strong Ties, Weak Ties, and Human Capital: Latino Immigrant Employment outside the Enclave
Pfeffer, Max J.; Parra, Pilar A.
Rural Sociology, v74 n2 p241-269 Jun 2009
This study focuses on the role of social ties and human capital in the integration of Latino immigrants into the local economy. This analysis extends earlier research by focusing on more rural contexts with limited labor-market opportunities and less access to social resources provided by coethnics. We reconsider conclusions of previous studies by focusing on areas with limited labor-market opportunities and less access to resources provided by coethnics. Using data from in-depth interviews, focus-group discussions, and surveys of former farmworkers in five rural communities in New York, we consider how individuals move from agricultural to other types of employment. Multinomial logit and ordinary least squares regression analyses confirm indications from our qualitative data that strong social ties, weak ties, and human capital all play distinctive parts in the economic integration of immigrants outside the ethnic enclave. These resources have the most positive impact on incomes when they contribute to the immigrants' self-reliance in finding employment. This finding is consistent with observations from the social-network literature that those who are less reliant on strong social ties are better able to take advantage of a broader range of labor-market opportunities. (Contains 6 tables.)
Rural Sociological Society. 104 Gentry Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211-7040. Tel: 573-882-9065; Fax: 573-882-1473; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York