ERIC Number: EJ869215
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 160
A Behavior-Analytic Account of Cognitive Bias in Clinical Populations
Wray, Alisha M.; Freund, Rachel A.; Dougher, Michael J.
Behavior Analyst, v32 n1 p29-49 Spr 2009
Cognitive bias refers to a well-established finding that individuals who suffer from certain clinical problems (e.g., depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, substance abuse, etc.) selectively attend to, remember, and interpret events relevant to their condition. Although a body of literature exists that has tried to examine this phenomenon, most existing explanations are mentalistic and mediational. In this paper we offer a behavior-analytic account of cognitive bias, its development, and how it may contribute to maintenance of clinical problems. This account is based on establishing operations or motivating events, verbal processes, and relational responding. Clinical and future research implications are also discussed.
Descriptors: Behavioral Science Research, Depression (Psychology), Anxiety, Substance Abuse, Eating Disorders, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Selection, Memory, Context Effect, Bias, Clinical Psychology
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A