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ERIC Number: EJ869161
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 27
ISSN: ISSN-1368-2822
The Communication Attitude Test (CAT-S): Normative Values for 220 Swedish Children
Johannisson, Tove B.; Wennerfeldt, Susanna; Havstam, Christina; Naeslund, Maria; Jacobson, Kajsa; Lohmander, Anette
International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, v44 n6 p813-825 2009
Background: The risk of developing a negative attitude to communication as a consequence of having a speech disorder has been in focus for decades in research concerning fluency disorders in relation to both children and adults. The Communication Attitude Test (CAT), which was created to measure children's attitudes towards their own communication, has been widely used. Research has shown that children who stutter have a significantly more negative attitude to their own communication than normal-speaking children and preliminary results show a similar picture in children with other types of speech disorders. However, the setting for obtaining data on normal-speaking children often differs from that on children with speech disorders. In order to make a significant interpretation of results from children with a speech disorder, comparable data on normal-speaking children are needed. Aims: The main purpose of this study was to obtain norm values for the Swedish version of the test (CAT-S) and examine possible differences related to age, sex or small town/big city. A second aim was to investigate some aspects of reliability, such as internal consistency, and validity in terms of item analysis as well as a qualitative analysis of the answers to the different items. In addition, group setting was compared with individual setting for the test procedure. Methods & Procedures: CAT-S was completed in a group setting by 220 normal-speaking children aged 7-15 years and by an additional group of 35 normal-speaking 10-year-old children who completed the test individually. Outcomes & Results: The 220 Swedish children had a mean score of 6.05 (a slightly higher mean score have been found in other countries, i.e. Belgium = 7.05 and USA = 8.24). The 7-year-olds had a significantly higher mean score than children at the other ages, except for the 15-year-olds. No other differences were found related to age, sex or size of community. The aspects of reliability and validity investigated for the CAT-S were satisfactory. Furthermore, there was no significant difference between the groups of 10-year-olds objected to different test procedures. Conclusions & Implications: The norm values of CAT-S could be used for comparison of scores from Swedish children with speech disorders. The CAT-S is easy to administer and could be used either in a group setting for research purpose or individually at the clinic. (Contains 2 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Sweden