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ERIC Number: EJ868872
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5309
Lifetime Traumatic Events and High-Risk Behaviors as Predictors of PTSD Symptoms in People with Severe Mental Illnesses
O'Hare, Thomas; Sherrer, Margaret V.
Social Work Research, v33 n4 p209-218 Dec 2009
Research is limited regarding the role of high-risk behaviors, trauma, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in people with severe mental illnesses (SMI). The current survey of 276 community mental health clients diagnosed with either a schizophrenia spectrum disorder or a major mood disorder examined the mediating role of lifetime high-risk behaviors with regard to lifetime traumatic events and PTSD symptom severity measured by the PTSD Symptom Scale-Interview version. Structural equation modeling revealed that lifetime high-risk behaviors had significant direct effects on PTSD symptom severity, and high-risk behaviors partially mediated the relationship between lifetime trauma and PTSD symptom severity. Lifetime trauma had the greatest total effect on PTSD symptoms, followed by primary Axis I diagnosis and lifetime high-risk behaviors. Implications for practice with people with SMI include more thorough assessments of trauma, PTSD, and high-risk behaviors and use of coping skills approaches to reduce high-risk behaviors. Limitations of the study include the cross-sectional nature of the data.
National Association of Social Workers (NASW). 750 First Street NE Suite 700, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-227-3590; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A