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ERIC Number: EJ868871
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 9
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1070-5309
Stress and Traumatic Stress: How Do Past Events Influence Current Traumatic Stress among Mothers Experiencing Homelessness?
Williams, Julie K.; Hall, James A.
Social Work Research, v33 n4 p199-207 Dec 2009
The purpose of this research was to evaluate the relationship between past traumatic events and the level of current traumatic stress among mothers experiencing homelessness. The data for this study were gathered from 75 homeless mothers between May 2006 and October 2006 using a cross-sectional survey design with purposive sampling. All mothers were interviewed in a face-to-face, semistructured interview format using standardized questionnaires and measures, including the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs-Quick, Williams' Life History Calendar of Traumatic Events, the Traumatic Stress Index, and the Davidson Trauma Scale. The mothers ranged in age from 18 to 50. Forty-four percent were white, 21% were African American, 3% were Native American, 31% identified themselves as multiracial, and 9% reported Hispanic ethnicity. The analysis indicated that the average level of traumatic stress from past traumatic events and the number of distressing (but nontraumatic) events did not influence current traumatic stress; however, the number of past traumatic events significantly influenced the current level of traumatic stress among mothers experiencing homelessness. Recommendations for future research include investigating how traumatic stress affects a mother's ability to locate, find, and retain housing and how trauma interventions influence mothers to exit homelessness.
National Association of Social Workers (NASW). 750 First Street NE Suite 700, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-227-3590; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A