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ERIC Number: EJ868824
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Pages: 33
Abstractor: ERIC
ISSN: ISSN-1740-2743
"It Is Difficult to Be a Woman with a Dream of an Education:" Challenging U.S. Adult Basic Education Policies to Support Women Immigrants' Self-Determination
Cuban, Sondra; Stromquist, Nelly P.
Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, v7 n2 p154-186 Nov 2009
Women immigrants are an increasing population in the U.S. and in the Adult Basic Education (ABE) system, particularly in English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programmes. The authors argue that their numerical predominance and comprehensive needs are not factored into U.S. ABE policies by reformers who are anxious about the system being labeled as, "another social program." In this article, the authors address the U.S. ABE system and its systematic denial of quality services to immigrant women. The authors situate the problem of the neglect of immigrant women stakeholders in the U.S. ABE system within the context of transnationalism and feminist policy and with an emphasis on structural barriers, such as race, class, and gender, operating within the global economy. They address this problem through three distinct and complementary aspects. First, they discuss the trend of the feminisation of migration (the increase in women's migration) to the U.S., and around the world, and explore its implications for immigrant women learners and prospective learners' needs and barriers in the U.S. ABE system. Next, they discuss their feminist policy framework, which highlights the importance of developing women's capabilities within ABE systems. Then they examine the discourse of U.S. policies in government-based policy documents to detect their sensitivity to immigrant women. The authors conclude with points that address immigrant women's education within an international context. (Contains 1 table.)
Institute for Education Policy Studies. University of Northampton, School of Education, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK. Tel: +44-1273-270943; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A