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ERIC Number: EJ868821
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
ISSN: ISSN-1740-2743
Rationale for Critical Pedagogy of Decolonization: Kenya as a Unit of Analysis
Gatimu, M. Wangeci
Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, v7 n2 p66-97 Nov 2009
In December 2007, political violence erupted in Kenya after a general election. Both Kenya and the international community were confronted with the question as to why citizens of a hitherto peaceful nation would engage in acts of hooliganism and violence after exercising a democratic right in a national election. This paper examines how new imperialism interacts with the structures of what one may refer to as classic imperialism to reveal the complexity of identity and ethnic politics, which are largely rooted in the intersection between decolonization processes, and hegemony of global capitalism in the daily lives of ordinary people. It contends that imperialism as we knew it in early 20th century may have passed, but empire is alive and resurgent, carving a new economic, cultural, and political globalized order. The paper draws from the recent social and political development in Kenya to highlight how the pedagogical structures are deeply implicated in the reproduction of colonial hegemonies. It argues that although Kenyans would like to think that their country is safe from violence witnessed elsewhere in Africa, the recent violence indicates that there may be no country in Africa that is immune to factors that induce violence. Thus, pedagogy of decolonization broadly interpreted should be deployed in the production of knowledge, social identities, and social relations to challenge practices that inform all cultural sites, thus making the pedagogical more political (Giroux, 1997).
Institute for Education Policy Studies. University of Northampton, School of Education, Boughton Green Road, Northampton, NN2 7AL, UK. Tel: +44-1273-270943; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Kenya