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ERIC Number: EJ868579
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Dec
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0046-9157
Community Living and Housing Options for Adults with Disabilities
Reinke, Thomas
Exceptional Parent, v39 n12 p33-35 Dec 2009
Data indicates that people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (ID/DD) are increasingly receiving community based services in lieu of institutionalization. The Research and Training Center on Community Living at the University of Minnesota reports that the number of people living in large state run institutions decreased from 117,147 in 1988 to 56,525 in 2007. Likewise, the number of people who received community based services designed to keep them out of institutions grew from 39,838 in 1990 to 501,489 in 2007. While services that support community living have expanded, there are significant gaps in funding for housing for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities. There are two Federally sponsored programs within the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) that pay housing costs for people with disabilities. The Housing Choice Vouchers program provides rent subsidies to find housing in the private market. Another HUD program, Section 811 Supportive Housing for Persons with Disabilities, advances interest-free capital funding to nonprofit organizations to develop rental housing with supportive services. Some of the gap in funding for housing for people with disabilities is filled by state run housing programs. State housing finance agencies (HFAs) operate different programs all with goal of providing affordable housing. In this article, the author discusses community living and housing options for people with disabilities and stresses that one bright spot in community living and housing is efforts at the local level to develop new alternative and housing models.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota; North Carolina; Ohio