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ERIC Number: EJ868359
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Nov
Pages: 21
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0018-2745
"Connecting the Dots": Munich, Iraq, and the Lessons of History
Conolly-Smith, Peter
History Teacher, v43 n1 p31-51 Nov 2009
This paper seeks to explore the ways in which "lessons of history," in particular the "Munich analogy," have been misconstrued in justification of United States armed intervention since the beginning of the Cold War. While the wisdom of a hawkish foreign policy is indeed one lesson of Munich--certainly as applied to World War II, in hindsight--this paper cautions that Munich, in more recent contexts (most pertinently, as it relates to the 2003 invasion of Iraq) offers not just one, but many, and more complex lessons by far. In this essay, the author first re-visits the events leading up to Munich, then examines ways in which the Munich analogy has been used to justify post-World War II American foreign policy. Recent re-assessments of Munich as well as the policy of appeasement in general--in particular, the work of Jeffrey Record and Stephen Rock--inform these sections of the paper, much as the reportage of the "New York Times" serves as the main source for the essay's final section, which re-visits the events leading up to the 2003 invasion of Iraq and the bush administration's effort to justify that invasion at least in part through its invocation of Munich. (Contains 47 notes.)
Society for History Education. California State University, Long Beach, 1250 Bellflower Boulevard, Long Beach, CA 90840-1601. Tel: 562-985-2573; Fax: 562-985-5431; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany; Iraq